There are many types of Aloe plants in the world. The most popular Aloe, Aloe vera plant (AL-oh vair-uh), Aloe barbadensis comes from the Mediterranean area and the Arabian Peninsula.
They are sustainable in areas with open exposure to natural light and limited water. Aloe plants grow in places where the soil is inferior to other foliage varieties.
- What Is The Origin of Aloe The Name?
- How Many Species Of Aloe Are There?
- How and Where to Use Aloe
- Varieties of Aloe
- Aloe Deltoideodonta – Aloe Rosii
- Aloe Humilis – Spider Aloe
- Aloe Aristata – Lace Aloe
- Aloe Ciliaris – Climbing Aloe
- Aloe Variegata – Partridge Breast Tiger Aloe
- Aloe Juvenna – Tiger Tooth Aloe
- Aloe Plicatilis – Fan Aloe
- Aloe Arborescens – Torch Aloe | Torch Plant | Candelabra Aloe
- Aloe Maculata – Soap Aloe
- Aloe Brevifolia – Short Leaf Aloe
- Aloe Barberae – Tree Aloe
- Aloe Vaombe – Malagasy Tree Aloe
- Aloe Nobilis – Gold Tooth Aloe
- Spiral Aloe – Aloe Polyphylla
- Aloe Striata – Coral Aloe
- Aloe Squarrosa
- Aloe Blue Elf
- Aloe Cameronii – Red Aloe
- Aloe Marlothii – Mountain Aloe
- Aloe Ferox – Cape Aloe
- Aloe Africana
- Sunset Aloe – Aloe Dorotheae
What Is The Origin of Aloe The Name?
Its namesake originates from the Arabic word “Allah,” or “shining bitter substance.” The substance refers to the fluid inside the aloe leaf, which many people use for its medicinal value.
People use aloe fluid to soothe minor burns and skin problems.
“Vera” translates to “true” in Latin. When translated, Aloe vera means “true aloe.”
The plant’s other common name, Barbados Aloe, may originate from the Caribbean island of the same name. Aloe has grown in Barbados after its introduction and cultivation during the 1840s.
How Many Species Of Aloe Are There?
There are over 500 species linked to the aloe family growing throughout the world.
The durability and variety of Aloe as a succulent perennial ornamental plant allows it to flourish in any location with tropical or semi-tropical climate.
Since many aloe plant types grow anywhere, it’s often considered an invasive species. Most types of aloe plants have thick, fleshy, and pointed leaves with a rich shade of green.
Their flower clusters are tubular-shaped and come in many bright colors.
How and Where to Use Aloe
Aloes are adaptable. Its growth and use worldwide provide diversity with its cultivation.
Aloe In Landscaping
Generally, Aloe is a low maintenance plant. It prefers growing in warm and dry climates with well-drained soil types in direct sunlight or shade. Most aren’t suited for cold environments.
The varying hues of the Aloe’s leaves and the colorful blooms offer aesthetic variety in the landscape. The Aloe is a wonderful plant for the landscape when displayed in a terracotta pot.
Aloe In Gardening
As a low maintenance plant, aloe stores water in its leaves and roots. It survives with minimal watering. Extra fertilizer supports even better growth.
Many people grow aloe for instant access to its healing properties. When aloe flowers bloom in the succulent garden, it attracts birds and insects for pollination.
Aloe At Home
If you’re planting aloe in your home, keep it inside with bright light and minimal water. If grown inside, the frigid winter weather won’t affect its growth.
Related: Why Do the Leaves of Aloe Plants Turn Yellow?
Varieties of Aloe
Many types of aloe exist around the world. People revere them for their beauty and healing properties.
Aloe Deltoideodonta – Aloe Rosii
Aloe Deltoideodonta is a type of aloe found in south-central Madagascar. It has a distinct star-like shape and grows up to 12″ inches tall, with each leaf measuring up to 8″ inches. It requires little water to survive and thrives in direct or shaded sunlight.
It has tubular flowers, colored orange with white or green tips.
Aloe Humilis – Spider Aloe
Aloe Humilis is an aloe species from the Eastern and Western capes of South Africa. It’s also known as the Spider Aloe or Hedgehog Aloe.
White spots and spiked bumps cover its thick pointed curved leaves, making it resemble a cactus.
When landscaping, keep Humuilis out of standing water. Amend its soil with sand and compost to preserve consistent drainage. As it blooms, remove the withered leaves or stems.
Aloe Aristata – Lace Aloe
Aloe Aristata originates from South Africa. Known for its fleshy leaves covered in white bumps and hairs that form into a rosette.
It’s ideal for people with desert gardens since it grows best in dry soil with excellent drainage.
When cultivating Lace Aloe plants, water regularly until it’s fully grown and ready to rely on the water inside of its leaves. Keep it in temperatures over 50°F if you want to enjoy the orange flowers.
Aloe Ciliaris – Climbing Aloe
Aloe Ciliaris comes from South Africa and grows between 8′ to 12′ feet tall. It grows in dry, drainable soil inside or outside in containers with full sun exposure. It grows best in sand or gravel soil. Without proper soil drainage, it risks root rotting.
Due to its size, it’s best to trim its leaves during dormant seasons.
Aloe Variegata – Partridge Breast Tiger Aloe
Aloe Variegata originates from the Northern Cape of South Africa. It’s also known as the “partridge breast tiger aloe” due to the white stripes covering its green leaves.
It grows in warm climates and can tolerate winter temperatures for annual flowering. Let the soil dry between regular waterings.
Aloe Juvenna – Tiger Tooth Aloe
Aloe Juvenna is a plant native to Kenya. Its cluster of triangular leaves has teeth in its seams. It stays erect and, eventually, arches. Aloe Juvenna requires little water and survives with sun and shade.
Due to its small size, it doesn’t need constant repotting. Prune old and withered leaves when they dry out. Although harmless to humans, it can be harmful to dogs and cats if swallowed.
More on Repotting Aloe Plants here.
Aloe Plicatilis – Fan Aloe
Fan Aloe grows in areas with cold, wet winters and hot, dry summers. They have narrow, fan-shaped leaves.
During winter, give the plant direct sunlight. Move Plicatilis to partial shade during the summer to avoid burning in hot temperatures.
Aloe Arborescens – Torch Aloe | Torch Plant | Candelabra Aloe
Aloe Arborescens grow to resemble small trees growing to over 5′ feet tall. It can develop at sea level and on rocky cliff edges. They are found in various South African regions, Malawi, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe.
Aloe Maculata – Soap Aloe
Aloe Maculata comes from Southern Africa. They’ve also naturalized throughout parts of Australia. The spike-covered leaves secrete a sap that acts like soap-like residue.
These sand-tolerant and drought-tolerant plants grow best in sunny conditions or partial shade.
Aloe Brevifolia – Short Leaf Aloe
Aloe Brevifolia is a short, tooth-covered plant found in the Western Cape. Brevifolia grows slow and in clumps perfect for groundcover in gardens.
It has an active growth in autumn and spring and becomes dormant in summer and winter.
Aloe Barberae – Tree Aloe
Aloe Barberae is a large tree native to South Africa that reaches up to 60′ feet tall. It’s covered in deep green leaves with teeth on their seams.
It grows best in direct sunlight and tolerates temperatures between 60°F to 70°F.
The soil should dry between waterings and requires frequent watering during summer.
Aloe Vaombe – Malagasy Tree Aloe
Aloe Vaombe is a showy evergreen succulent with a rosette of arched, long, and dangling leaves.
The leaves are dark green, fleshy, smooth with white teeth-like thorns on their curved edges. Vaombe has a high drought tolerance.
Aloe Nobilis – Gold Tooth Aloe
Aloe Nobilis grows its leaves as a tight and layered rosette. The tips of its leaves have teeth-like structures and grow to about one foot.
They can thrive in direct sunlight and shade. During growth, add water to the soil and avoid the rosette to prevent damage to the plant.
It does not need excessive pruning. For propagation, collect its seeds or leaf cuttings.
Spiral Aloe – Aloe Polyphylla
Aloe Polyphylla originates from the Maluti Mountains. It’s known for having leaves that form a spiral shape.
These plants can tolerate colder temperatures down to 20° degrees Fahrenheit and do not grow well indoors. Due to its shallow roots, feed with liquid fertilizer to well-drained soil.
Aloe Striata – Coral Aloe
Aloe Striata, or coral aloe, has faint stripes on its leaves and bright red orange flowers. Striata is perfect for adding color to flower pots or gardens.
Its leaves are smooth in texture. It grows best in sandy or gravelly potting mix with direct sunlight. Coral Aloe requires little water and fertilizer added once a month.
The slow-growing Aloe Squarrosa plant doesn’t do well indoors. The big attraction is its foliage. It is far showier than aloe vera.
Squarrosa Aloe is highly sensitive to rot and frost. Having low humidity and the proper temperatures is essential.
Aloe Blue Elf
Aloe Blue Elf is a popular, attractive landscape aloe. This dwarf grows from 6″ inch rosettes of blue-green leaves to a height and width of 2′ feet.
The Aloe Blue Elf has a compact growth habit and under the right conditions, demands very little care and attention.
Aloe Cameronii – Red Aloe
Aloe Cameronii originates from Zimbabwe and Malawi. It grows at a slow rate and can live up to 40 years with proper care.
It has narrow and sharp leaves with a bright red color. Unlike some aloe, Red Aloe survives in hot and dry or cold and humid seasons.
Aloe Marlothii – Mountain Aloe
Aloe marlothii grows in the mountainous regions of South Africa. It grows to a height of 8′ to 10′ feet. During its growing season keep the plant watered. During winter reduce watering.
The Zulu used Mountain Aloe for treating roundworm and stomach problems.
Aloe Ferox – Cape Aloe
Aloe Ferox is a plant native to Southern Africa. It grows in grassy and rocky areas. Ferox thrives in temperatures ranging from 55° to 80° degrees Fahrenheit. It grows best in artificial or indirect light.
Cape Aloe produces no scent and contains bitter fluids valued by people for its purgative properties as a topical medicine and laxative.
Aloe Africana is a hardy perennial from South Africa. On the margins the leaves have small, sharp reddish teeth. The reddish-orange buds of the African aloe blooms are the real show. The blooms change color as they open.
African aloe prefers full sunlight but tolerates partial shade for part of the day.
Sunset Aloe – Aloe Dorotheae
Aloe Dorotheae is native to Tanzania. It is known for its red coloring resulting from full sun exposure. Its decorative appeal makes it useful for groundcover. I
It needs moderate watering during growing season and less when dormant or mature.
Sunset aloe’s flowers produce nectar for birds and insects and acts as a deer-resistant plant.